Salvation and Catastrophe: The Greek-Turkish War 1919-1922


This page of the blog is dedicated to my multi-item project "Salvation and Catastrophe-Σωτηρία και Καταστροφή-Kurtuluş ve Felaket" which is dedicate to the 100 year anniversary of the Greek-Turkish War of 1919-1922 (know in Greece as the Asia-Minor Campaign  and in Turkey as the Western Front of the Turkish War of Independence".

Here you can find information, as it become available on the two hobby items that are part of the project. This is a scenario supplement for the Bloody Big Battles, and a boardgame based on the engine of Tim Taylor's "To the Last Man!" .For the academic part please consult my academic blog.

Currently I am at the collection of information part of this process. With Onur Buyuran we are working on compiling Orders of Battles for the various forces engaged in conflict in Asia Minor in the 1919-1923 period. 

A test map for the board-game has been created, but I am still back in the rules, as I wish to first get handle on available forces.

This project is a work in progress so slowly as times passes, and hopefully things progress, more information will be on this page.

I drew a potential basis for a cover for the game (click for larger image)



I have decided to make available to the public my scanned copies of the multi-volume Official Turkish General Staff History of what in Turkey is called the Salvation or Independence War which incorporates the Greek-Turkish War of 1919-1923 (Asia Minor Campaign in Greece, Western Front in Turkey), the French-Turkish War of 1919-1921 (Southern Front in Turkey) and the Armenian-Turkish War of 1919-1921 (Eastern Front in Turkey). These books are all in Turkish. I am also including a pdf copy of the Greek General Staff english language "Concise History of the Campaign in Asia Minor" which is the summary of the 10 Volume Staff History (which is in Greek).

Some notes. All these books are still under copyright and in print. The only reason I am doing this is because i) it is extremely hard for someone outside of Greece and Turkey to have access to them (even Edward Erickson mentions it in Ordered to Die). ii) no e-versions are offered by the publishers, iii) I owe physical copies of each of them, iv) the second hand market prices are ridiculous.

You may not use my copies for commercial purposes. Beyond that enjoy. (ATESE: Turkish General Staff History Directorate, AHD: Greek General Staff Army History Directorate ). I am also reposting some public domain books and dissertations.  All of these books are part of my research for "Salvation and Catastrophe".

Books in Turkish


Books in English



Public Domain Books (some are documents, some links to were to find the documents)

Volume 5 of Driault's Diplomatic History of Greece (1908-1923)- In French Still probably one of the best treatments of the events that led two Greek governments to campaign in Asia Minor.

Nutuk-A several days long speech delivered by Mustafa Kemal (Ataturk), President of the Turkish Republic, and victor of the Greek-Turkish War, in which he presented his view of the events of the period.- In English


Daleziou, Eleftheria (2002) Britain and the Greek-Turkish war and
settlement of 1919-1923: the pursuit of security by "proxy" in Western
Asia Minor. In English Dissertation Link

The Western Question - The book that cost Toynbee his job. Focuses on the atrocities conducted by both sides in the war, though seldom able to furnish incontrovertible evidence. Still a interesting and important contemporaneous account.-In English

REFORMULATION OF GREEK NATIONAL IDENTITY, by Triadafilos Triadafilopoulos, Dissertation.-In English

Greece in Asia minor : the Greek administration of the Vilayet of Aidin, 1919-1922.
by Solomonidis, Victoria. Dissertation link - In English


Greece's Anatolian Venture and the After , by A.A. Pallis. Biased against Venizelos, but still one of the first accounts of the politics of the war by a Greek source. Llewyn-Smith considers it a good one. - In English

Greece in Her True Light , a Venizelist pamphlet published in the USA which provides a Venizelist interpretation of the events that led to the onset of the campaign in Asia Minor - In English

People and Nations of Asia Minor, by Kleanthos Skalieris Greek propagandist anthropological study of what the Greeks see as the multiplicity of cultures and peoples in Asia Minor.-in Greek


Other useful sources

Greek Naval Strategy and Policy 1910-1919, by Zisis Fotakis, 2005, Routledge-In English

The Foreign Policy of Turkey and Her Relations with the "East"during the National War of Independence (1919-1921) The Turco-Soviet Relationship over the "Batum Crisis,by Yamuichi Masayuki, 1977, Journal of Asian and African Studies-In English

The Heroic March of the Independent Division in Asia Minor-August 1922, Evagellos Tzahos, Stratiotiki Epitheorisi (Military Review), July - August 2009-In Greek

The Hebrus(Evros) Army, Greek Alternatives, and the Lausane Treaty, Georgios Spentzos-In Greek

The Great Idea, National Goal of Grand Strategy or Party Politics?, by Christos Hatzilefteris, 2015- In Greek

Greek and Turkish Grand Strategies during the Asia Minor Campaign, by Evaggelia Mihail Haita, 2010-In Greek

Greek Strategy in Asia Minor. by Dioysios Tsirigotis, 2010, Poiotita-In Greek

Turkish War of Independence, by Fahri Belen, 1983-In Turkish 

The Turkish War of Independence, by Javier Romero, 2018, Strategy and Tactics 309-In English

Armies of the Greek-Turkish War 1919-1922, by Philip Jowett, 2015, Osprey Publishing-In English (also available in Turkish as Kurtuluş Savaşı’nda Ordular 1919-22 by İş Bankası Kültür Yayınları translated by Emir Yener)

Mustafa Kemal, by Edward Ericksson, 2013, Ospey Publishing-In English (also available in Turkish by İş Bankası Kültür Yayınları, translated by Emir Yener)










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